Section 1: The founding geographic extent of Muslim empires and the artistic, scientific, technological, and economic features of Muslim society.

Section 2: Diverse religious traditions of Islam - Sunni, Shi'a/Shi'ite, Sufi.

Section 3: Role of Dar al-Islam as a cultural, political, and economic force in Afo-Eurasia
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Section 4: The caliphate as both a religious and political institution, and the persistence of other traditions in the Arab World including Christianity.