4.2.1 Growth of Islam and Dar al-Islam:

(Dar al-Islam: country, territory, land, or abode where Muslim sovereignty prevails)
Identify and explain the origins and expansion of Islam and the creation of the Islamic Empire including
  • The founding geographic extent of Muslim empires and the artistic, scientific, technological, and economic features of Muslim society
  • diverse religious traditions of Islam — Sunni, Shi’a/Shi’ite, Sufi
  • role of Dar al-Islam as a cultural, political, and economic force in Afro-Eurasia
  • the caliphate as both a religious and political institution, and the persistance of other traditions in the Arab World including Christianity

4.2.2 Unification of Eurasia under the Mongols:

Using historical and modern maps, locate and describe the geographic patterns of Mongol conquest and expansion and describe the characteristics of the Pax Mongolica (particularly revival of long-distance trading networks between China and the Mediterranean world).

4.2.3 The Plague:

Using historical and modern maps and other evidence, explain the causes and spread of the Plague and analyze the demographic, economic, social, and political consequences of this pandemic. (See 4.3.5)