Section 1: Comparing and contrasting the major states/civilizations of East, South, and West Africa in terms of environmental, economic, religious, political, and social structures.

Section 2: The Bantu migration patterns and their contributions to agriculture, technology, and language.

Section 3: The African trading networks and trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, connecting these to interregional patterns of trade.

Section 4: The development of an organized slave trade within and beyond Africa.

Section 5: The influence of Islam and Christianity on African culture and the blending of traditional African beliefs with new ideas from Islam and Christianity.