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  1. page space.menu edited Wiki Home Edmodo WHG Era 4 WHG Era 5

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Thursday, June 10

  1. page era 5 era 5 edited Since 1995, the global industries have Throughout history trade has always been working on bein…
    Since 1995, the global industries haveThroughout history trade has always been working on being a free market economy. Countries The purposehuge part of this wasevery nation around the world, trade keeps the world flowing because all of the nations can’t always get the things they need. Trade is a very important force that changed the early modern world, they had to betterexplore for the industry and agriculture. Many different countriesthings that they needed but did not have been tryingin their own land, trade played a big role on how countries got along with each other.
    Trade changed the early world in
    many different ways. Trade is what helped to governer of Sijilmasa get an open border between the two countries because he had stated that a merchants going back and forth would help the countries. “The Coming to and fro of merchants to a country is of benefit to its inhabitants and a help to keeping it populous.”(Document One) Trade also helped the countries get the things that they need to make things that they could not make without the resources they also helped them make advancements in warfare technology. Trade also helped to people want to explore other regions of the world.
    The more that people needed things that they did not
    have a free market economy. They were makingthe more they sent others out to explore new lands to find the things they needed. The Columbian exchange was a big part of the trade system during the 15th to 18th centuries. The columbian exchange was the transferring of their resources from the western hemisphere to the eastern hemisphere and using more of their natural resources. Also countries made new governmentsfrom the eastern to the western. Some crops that was shaped aroundcannot be grown very well in some parts of the free market economy. Soworld can be grown very well in others so the government owned businessespeople so kings and farm land. If globalizationrulers sent out people to find places that had not occurred the world wouldn’t be what it is todaythings that they needed.
    Trade can greatly effect a society and its relations
    with allother countries. In 1498 the transportation, trade,Portuguese had sent people to find a good sea route to India and communication. So after allupon arrival they had immediately landed in Calicut and begun talked to the Global economy increased. And it made the countries better becauseruler of Calicut and he had told him that he was a king of a rich and very wealthy land and they had each otherbegun to be friends but he started to think he was lying and was just there for his gold. “The king the said that he had told him that he came from a very rich kingdom, and yet he brought nothing; that he had also told him that he was the bearer of a letter, which had not yet been delivered.”(Document Four) In 1198 Pope Innocent III allowed Venice to trade with the Muslim people even though they were one. The countriesforbade to trade with them in times before, he allowed them to but they we only allow to trade things that weren’t so developed were helped alongwould never help them in a war. “...we have placed under sentence of excommunication all those who in future consort with the Saracens, directly or indirectly, or who attempt to give or send aid to them by sea as long as the countries that were already developed.war shall last.”(Document 6)
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  2. page era 5 era 8 edited Since 1995, the global industries have been working on being a free market economy. Countries The …
    Since 1995, the global industries have been working on being a free market economy. Countries The purpose of this was to better the industry and agriculture. Many different countries have been trying many different things to have a free market economy. They were making more out of their resources and using more of their natural resources. Also countries made new governments that was shaped around the free market economy. So the government owned businesses and farm land. If globalization had not occurred the world wouldn’t be what it is today with all the transportation, trade, and communication. So after all the Global economy increased. And it made the countries better because they had each other and they were one. The countries that weren’t so developed were helped along by the countries that were already developed.
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  3. page era 6 era 7 edited Nationalism, or the used feelings of national identity to rally support for various causes, includ…
    Nationalism, or the used feelings of national identity to rally support for various causes, including unification, independence, and liberal reform. These feelings had a huge impact on European life. Nationalism shaped the development of European countries from the mid-1800s until World War 1. A powerful force used in this time frame was nationalism. There were reactions to and consequences of nationalism in this period.
    The development of European countries such as, Transylvania, Croatia, Selavonia, and Fiume, was based off of the division of Hungary. As these countries became divided from Hungary, Hungary was erased from the list of independent nations in Europe. All this was due to the nationalism of the Austrian monarchy. Italy was also started by the feeling of nationalism. Giuseppe Mazzini appealed to the working people to eliminate the Kings and privileged castes, thus leading to the unification, or uniting, of Italian states. Nationalism, though, wasn’t always appreciated.
    Nationalism was a very powerful tool which gained many empires more land and power, while at the same time, causing countries to be lost. Austria used this force to eliminate Hungary. Hungarians were not happy, although when nationalists tried to revolt, Austria enlisted in the aid of Russia to force them down. As the Ottoman Empire collapsed, conflicts were brought into the Balkans. Instability in the Balkans was brought upon by a complex web of competing interests, resulting in wars and crises.
    Nationalism has many causes and effects in the time period between the mid-1800s and World War 1. The conflicts after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire led to set off of the “Balkan Powder Keg”, which in turn aided in the start of World War 1. The Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated along with his wife, Sofia, due to Serbian nationalists. They were threatened by the army maneuvers Ferdinand was sending into neighboring mountains. Though these are some bad consequences of nationalism, remember that many countries achieved autonomy or independence and unification, such as Germany and Italy.
    World War 1 was brought upon by nationalism in European countries. Many countries were developed, separated and established through the chain of power shifts. Much force was used in this time period between empires expanding and collapsing. These power shifts did not happen peacefully, usually resulting in war or crises.

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  4. page era 5 era 4 edited Throughout history it has been shown that religions and civilizations can be changed or impacted b…
    Throughout history it has been shown that religions and civilizations can be changed or impacted by each other. They are impacted either by interpretation, something new come in, or even by highly appraised people. There are three main religions and three major regions that make a impact on each other.
    The three major religions that impacted the world are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. Christianity is a religion based on the teaching of Jesus and his followers. Jesus was a Jew whose,
    “teachings were firmly rooted in Jewish traditions. Jesus believed in one God and accepted the 10 commandments. He preached obediences to the laws of moses and defended the teachings of the Jewish prophets however, Jesus also preached new beliefs. According to his followers, he called himself the Son of God. Many people believed he was the long-anticipated Messiah. Jesus proclaimed that his mission was to bring spiritual salvation and eternal life to anyone who believed in him... Jesus emphasized God’s love and taught the need for justice, morality, and service to others. According to Jesus, a persons major duties were to observe the Jewish command to ‘love the Lord your God with all your heart’ and to ‘love your neighbor as yourself. Jesus also emphasized the importance of forgiveness.” (FROM HISTORY BOOK).
    Buddhism is based on the teachings of Guatama Buddha who lived form 563 to 403 B.C. He was born in India, where this religion took root. The main teachings of Buddha were the four Noble Truths, which are, 1. All Life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2. The cause of suffering is non-virtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hatred and desire. 3. The only cure for suffering is to overcome non-virtue. 4. The way to overcome non-virtue is to follow the Eightfold Path. The Eightfold Path is, “Right views, right aspirations, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right contemplation.” (FROM HISTORY BOOK) Then the last or final goal to reach is Nirvana, or union with the universe, and the release of rebirth.
    Islam is another major religion, that impacted the world. It was started by the prophet Muhammad. Muhammad was born by 570 A.D. in the town of Mecca. Islam is monotheistic, based on the belief in one god. The sacred text of Islam teaches that god is all powerful and compassionate. Muslims are to perform 5 individual duties know as the 5 pillars of Islam. 1. Declaration of faith, “There’s no God but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” 2. Daily prayer, 5 times each day. 3. Alms for the poor. 4. Fasting during Ramadan Muslims fast from Sunrise to Sunset during the holy month of Ramadan. 5. Hajj a pilgrimage to pray at the Kaaba in Mecca at lest once in their life time.
    These religions have made an impact on different regions in the world. Christianity is the religion that mostly impacted Europe. For instance Europe’s daily life was revolved around the Christian calendar. Like the different holidays, Easter, and local holy days dedicated to saints. The main events in a persons life took place in the church, like marriage, and baptism. It also impacted how scientific discoveries were discovered. Like Galileo discovering that the earth revolved around the sun instead of the sun revolving around the earth. He was expelled from scientific study because he agreed with Copernicus theory about the earth’s revolving around the sun. As well there were four Crusades between 1097 - 1202. These were holy wars that were between Christianity and Islam. Christianity was trying to keep Islam from spreading into Europe and trying to take back Jerusalem. A muslim leader, Saladin, warned Richard I that they will not give up Jerusalem because their prophet Muhammad made his journey to heaven from there. Like the Crusades which were an example of war and hatred and religion the Spanish Inquisition is another example of hatred and religion. During the Spanish Inquisition, Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain ordered all Jews and Jewesses to leave and never return.
    When Christianity became a part of Europe it really appealed to the lower classes because it said that all are were equal and equality would be achieved in the next life. It eventually became the official religion of Europe. Christianity also began to spread under Constantine when it became a favored religion over other religions in the empire. Constantine was given a vision to place a sign of Christ in the banners carried by his troops. After placing the sign of Christ on the banners he proceeded to demolish his rival, securing his place as emperor. Eventually Christianity became the state religion in 395 A.D.. Christianity continued to spread throughout Europe by Germanic conquers who converted to Christianity. They brought Christianity to the different lands they conquered. Even at the rate it was spreading it was blocked from spreading to the east due to the rise of Islam. Eventually as it spread different denominations came about, which was called the Reformation. Beginning around the early 1500’s the Protestant Reformation began which eventually weakened the control of the Catholic church and brought to existence of the many Protestant denominations that are in existence today. It also brought about the translations of the Scriptures into the common languages of that day such as German, and English.
    Asia was impacted by three major religions, Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism. Confucius developed a philosophy, or system of ideas, that greatly influenced the Chinese civilization. He was concerned with social order and good government. As well as emphasized five key relationships between people. Which were Ruler to subject, parent to child, husband to wife, elder brother to younger brother, and friend to friend. As well as filial piety, or respect for parents, was everyone’s highest duty. Daoism was founded by Laozi, and he emphasized that people should live in harmony with nature. As well as they should look beyond everyday cares and focus on the Dao, or “the way”. Both these men Confucius and Daoism replaced their old belief system in the supreme God Shang Di that could only be reached through important mortals like kings and nobles. As Chinese civilization spread, hundreds of millions of people in Korea, Japan, and Vietnam accepted Confucian beliefs. Nearly 1/3 of the worlds population came under the influence of these ideas. ( BOOK PG 98 ) Buddhism which began in India by Gautama Buddha spread from India to China by A.D. 100 and by A.D. 400 and spread throughout China completely. Not only did it spread through China it also spread to other countries like Japan, and Korea. It was noted by the Korean scholar, Gihwa, who lived from 1376-1433, If people relayed on the teachings of Buddhism they could bring peace to all the world.
    The Middle East and North Africa, were influenced mainly Islam. It affected this regions culture. Arabic replaced North Africa’s main language Latin. It also brought new ideas about military technology and business. As well as introduced their coinage and written language. Arabic allowed them to recorded about their history, laws and religious beliefs. “Early African religions were varied and complex. They involved many gods, goddesses, and rituals, and ceremonies. Many people believed in one supreme being, and some honored the spirits of ancestors. By A.D. 1000, Christianity and Islam had spread and absorbed many local practices and beliefs in many regions of Africa.” ( FROM BOOK ) Their belief in one supreme God caused some of them to associate the God of Christianity and Islam with their traditional supreme being. This allowed Christianity and Islam to incorporate many of their native customs. ( FROM BOOK pg. 360 ) “In the 690‘s, Muslim Arabs conquered and occupied the cities of North Africa. By the early 700s, they had successfully conquered the Berbers, a largely nomadic North African people. Under Arab rule, Islam eventually replaced Christianity as the dominant religion of North Africa, and Arabic replaced Latin as its language.” (Book p.344)
    As seen, religion can impact a region and its culture. A religion is kinda like a life style, like how Christianity there is a calendar that has events that are followed and celebrated. When a civilization or a region have a religion that impacts it, it starts to change how it looks at things. How people associate with other civilizations and other regions. Then other times regions and people end up changing the religion, and making it fit more for there lifestyle or they way that they interpret the religion. When people interpret a religion they can see something different then someone else and live by their interpretation. For example, from the excerpt from the Mahabharata, an ancient Hindu text, it says that a mighty egg, was the primal cause of creation, it created all created beings. Showing that a religion and or a civilization can be changed by each other.

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    9:01 am
  5. page era 5 era 5 edited Since 1995, the global industries have been working on being a free market economy. Countries The …
    Since 1995, the global industries have been working on being a free market economy. Countries The purpose of this was to better the industry and agriculture. Many different countries have been trying many different things to have a free market economy. They were making more out of their resources and using more of their natural resources. Also countries made new governments that was shaped around the free market economy. So the government owned businesses and farm land. If globalization had not occurred the world wouldn’t be what it is today with all the transportation, trade, and communication. So after all the Global economy increased. And it made the countries better because they had each other and they were one. The countries that weren’t so developed were helped along by the countries that were already developed.
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    7:42 am
  6. page era 8 era 7 edited The European Fight for Nationalism The 19th century was an important period in the history of…

    The European Fight for Nationalism
    The 19th century was an important period in the history of Europe. As countries gained unification, Europe not only changed maps, but also the lives of the Europeans. During the 1800s there was a widespread need for unification for all countries in Europe. This theory was originated by Napoleon Bonaparte. When he rose to power in 1804 his presidency made him want even more power. This hunger for power caused many conflicts during the first half of the 19th century. These conflicts inspired other leaders to follow suite and pursue a quest for unification to their own independent nation. These quests led to an outbreak of war and bloodshed within Europe later leading to World War one.
    Nationalism in Europe caused many conflicts in the 1800s, but all of the fighting later helped shape the countries within Europe. For example, the country of Hungary in the year 1849. In April of that year Hungary drew up a Declaration Of Independence from the country of Austria. When this Declaration was established, Austria was angry and they responded as such. When they received the news of this secession they contacted Russia and the Russian army helped the Austrian army in defeating the Hungarian revolt. Hungary wanted to secede from Austrian rule due to the poor conditions that the Austrian government was putting the Hungarians through. But in fear of losing that amount of power over a county caused the Austrian government to react as aggressively as they did. These kind of revolts and aggression were common in 19th century Europe. Today Austria and Hungary are each independent nations with their own laws and governments. The Hungarian revolt of 1849 is just a glimpse into what Nationalism meant to the country of Europe, and how it shaped Europe today.
    The wars for unification became heated throughout Europe. It almost seemed as if it would never end. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed, the countries under Ottoman rule had to fight for unification, thus, further heating the battles for nationalism. Many of these wars, however, were pointless. Over half of the countries that fought to have their own independent nation reached their dream. However, no matter how pointless these battles were they still happened and many great people were killed. Some examples of these people were Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The Archduke traveled into the thick of the battle, in the city known as Sarajevo. He was to direct army maneuvers in the neighboring mountains for his troop of soldiers. General Potiorek pleaded the Archduke to leave the town as soon as he arrived because of the massive rebellion going on in the city. The archduke took the shortest way out of town until a car carrying a few Serbian nationalists pulled beside him. The archduke and his wife Sophie got shot while they were still sitting in the vehicle. This was the death that triggered World War One. Because of these revolts and the pointless wars for nationalism, one of the greatest archdukes of all-time was silenced before the largest battle occurred. If these battles hadn’t of happened Europe would be very different, and there wouldn’t have been so much anger and bloodshed.
    Ever since man has learned to argue, man has learned to fight, and this battle for independence was one that was fought around the world. These battles were, by far, the longest drawn out battles of all time, and they even led to the first world war, and involving other countries in their very own war for independence. Although Europe suffered many losses in these battles and the important figures of European history were murdered at the hand of a fellow man, Europe suffered the consequences of having a war. These battles helped shape Europe and made it the continent it is today.

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    5:39 am

Wednesday, June 9

  1. page era 7 era 6 edited The Enlightenment ... revolutionary era. Enlightenment Enlightenment ideals were ... The…
    The Enlightenment
    ...
    revolutionary era.
    Enlightenment

    Enlightenment
    ideals were
    ...
    The Fisherwoman.
    The

    The
    Enlightenment ideals
    ...
    declared independence.
    Cultural

    Cultural
    attitudes changed
    ...
    William Hogarth.
    I think the Enlightenment was a huge part in why America is the way it is today because all of these ideals are pretty much the basis of our government. Without the ideal of people governing people we may have not been able to pick our own president.
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    10:04 am
  2. page era 7 era 6 edited The Enlightenment In 1690, John Locke stated, “To understand political power aright, and derive i…
    The Enlightenment
    In 1690, John Locke stated, “To understand political power aright, and derive it from its original, we must consider what estate all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of Nature, without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man.” Its thoughts such as these are what jump started the revolutionary era.
    Enlightenment ideals were expressed through the arts and literature. Some of these ideals are human autonomy, enlightenment is universal, and the ideal of popular government. Human autonomy is to be self driven, use their own reason rather than be told how to think by the church or the state. All human beings possess the ability to be enlightened. In other words, humans are equal by nature. All humans are apart of a universal community. The ideal of popular government;people are capable of ruling themselves. The elite class is not the only class that deserved to rule. The middle class should also play apart in politics. All of these ideals were expressed through things such as Mozart criticizing a singer for having a old singing style. Or through paintings such as The Shepherdess and The Fisherwoman.
    The Enlightenment ideals showed the people that the aristocracy wasn’t as elite as they thought it was. The ideals were so unique and new that they took off and were spread by trade and conversation. The ideals started in the America’s Madison, Adams, and Jefferson. But they really took off when the British colonists got very unhappy with the King and the government and declared independence.
    Cultural attitudes changed a lot in this time. One of them was the first time ever that women’s rights had been considered. With statements from Mary Wollstonecraft, like, “Speak to them the language of truth and soberness and away with the lullaby strains of condescending endearment. Another one was the people thinking that the higher-ups thought they were so much better than the people, they belittled them. A good example of this is a painting called The Bench by William Hogarth.
    I think the Enlightenment was a huge part in why America is the way it is today because all of these ideals are pretty much the basis of our government. Without the ideal of people governing people we may have not been able to pick our own president.

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    10:03 am

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